Lube oil does not wear out! However, its lubricating quality tends to deteriorate over time due to contaminants such as dirt, sludge, metals, and water to name just a few. There are many different ways to remove these contaminants, some being more effective than others. Common methods include: strainers, filtration, settling tanks, and centrifugal type purifiers.
In the centrifugal purification process, there are two common methods used. One method is the batch purification process where all of the oil is removed from a storage tank (sump, settler, etc.) by the purifier and is delivered cleaned to another reservoir. This method is typically done on machinery that is not operating. The other method is the continuous process where the centrifuge takes a portion of the oil from a tank, cleans it, and recycles it back to the same tank. This method can be used on operating equipment but is not as fast or efficient as the batch process.
Aboard ZJC Lubrication Oil Purifier, we have a disk-type, non-self-cleaning purifier manufactured by Yuneng, and used as a separator in the continuous process.
Centrifuges can also be used as Separators or Clarifiers. Separators use a dam ring or discharge ring and remove water as well as solids from the oil is purified. The water is discharged from the purifier. A clarifier is used when the main contaminant is sediments, and water does not need to be removed from a system. Any small amounts of water that does enter the centrifuge will remain in the bowl until it is cleaned.
Centrifugal lube oil purifiers as sometimes categorized as disk-type or bowl-type purifiers according to the shape and general arrangement of the centrifuge and some purifiers are self-cleaning, while others must be manually cleaned.
In a disk-type purifier, a bowl-shaped rotating element encases a stack of disks. The bowl itself sits atop the vertical bowl spindle which is driven by a worm gear and clutch assembly. The spindle and bearing absorb the weight of the bowl assembly. Once operating, the bowl spins at approximately 7500 rpm. As liquids and sediments of different densities enter through the distributor (the innermost center of the bowl housing) of the centrifuge, they are quickly separated by the tremendous centrifugal force created by the velocity of the centrifuge, and also by the close separation created by the shallow distances of the individual disks inside the bowl housing. The clean oil travels up between the neck of the top disc and the tubular shaft/distributor. If the centrifuge is operating as a separator, the water will discharge out between the neck of the top disc and the discharge ring mounted at the uppermost section of the bowl top. Sediment, sludge and other materials will be moved to the inside of the bowl shell and will remain there till clean. It is important to note that the size of the discharge ring must be properly matched for the density of the lubricating oil to be purified. If you are to use the purifier to centrifuge other oils with different specific gravities, a different discharge ring must be used for each.